delivered on 623 A.D at Arafat, Mecca.
After praising, and thanking Allah (the One God) he said:
"Oh People, lend me an attentive ear, for I know not whether, after this year
I shall ever be amongst you again. Therefore listen to what I am saying to you
very carefully and TAKE THESE WORDS TO THOSE WHO COULD NOT BE PRESENT HERE TODAY.
O People, just as you regard this month, this day as Sacred, so regard
the life and property of every Muslim as sacred trust. Return the goods
entrusted to you to their rightful owners. Harm no one so that no
one may harm you. Remember that you will indeed meet your Lord, and that
HE will indeed reckon your deeds. Allah has forbidden you to take usury
(Interest), therefore all Interest obligations shall henceforth be
waived. Your capital, however, is yours to keep. You will neither
inflict nor suffer inequality. Allah has Judged that there shall be no
interest and that all the interest due to Abbas ibn Abd'al Mutallib
shall henceforth be waived.
Beware of Satan, for the safety of your religion. He lost all hope that
he will ever be able to lead you astray in big things, so beware of
following him in small things.
O People, it is true that you have certain rights with regards to your
women, but they also have rights over you. Remember that you have
taken them as your wives only under Allah's trust and with His permission.
Do treat your women well and be kind to them for they are your partners
and committed helpers. If they abide by your right then to them
belongs the right to be fed and clothed in kindness. And it is your right
that they do not make friends with any one of whom you do not approve, as
well as never to be unchaste.
O people listen to me in earnest, worship Allah, perform your five
daily prayers (Salah), fast during the month of Ramadan, and give of
your wealth the poor due (Zakat). Perform Hajj (pilgrimage) if you can
All mankind is from Adam, and an Arab has no superiority over a
non-Arab nor a non-Arab has any superiority over an Arab; also a
white has no superiority over black nor a black has any superiority over
a white, except by piety and good action. Learn that every Muslim is a
brother to every Muslim and that the Muslims constitute one
brotherhood. Nothing shall be legitimate to a Muslim which belongs
to a fellow Muslim unless it was given freely and willingly. Do not,
therefore, do injustice to yourselves.
Remember, one day you will appear before Allah and answer for your
deeds. So beware, do not sway from the path of righteousness, after
I am gone. O People, no prophet or apostle will come after me, and no
new faith will be born. Reason well, therefore, O People, and understand
the words which I convey to you. I leave behind me two things, the Quran
and my example (the Sunnah) and if you follow these you will never
All those who listen to me shall pass on my words to others and
those to others again; and may the last ones understand my words
better than those who listen to me directly. be my witness, O Allah
(the One God),that I have conveyed my message to your people."